Artificial Intelligence can’t be a China-US duopoly

Artificial Intelligence can’t be a China-US duopoly

A recent report by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) warns of the disparities occurring in development of the data economy and, more specifically, in its application to an area of enormous potential, Artificial Intelligence (AI). The ‘Digital Economy Report 2021. Cross-border data flows and development: For whom the data flow’ details somewhat crudely a panorama that has been worrisome for the EADT since its beginnings: A China-US duopoly is being built, in which all the rest, and also Europe, of course, would be little more than just data providers. 

Read more

Digital Rights Charter: the preamble to reform of the Spanish Constitution?

Digital Rights Charter: the preamble to reform of the Spanish Constitution?

Over the past few decades we have witnessed a series of social, economic, and technological changes that are difficult to assess with such little historical perspective. Technology has surely been the most important factor in these processes. The generalisation of computer devices and telecommunications infrastructures has had multiple effects on virtually all aspects of social and economic life, in the private as well as the public sphere. We live in a world that, as expressed by Nicholas Negroponte, has become digital.

Read more

Back to school with a pending subject: control of data

Back to school with a pending subject: control of data

A school year begins in September in which the educational community intends to leave the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic in the background and focus on what really matters: the education of citizens and professionals adapted to the challenges of a complex and technologised world. 

Read more

Apple, privacy, and control of data

Apple, privacy, and control of data

Without the free rein they had a few years ago in terms of control over data, the big tech companies have long been working on the concept of ‘privacy’, which has also become a marketing tool. Apple has taken this dispute very seriously, and in early June introduced a new concept on privacy for the clients of its cloud service, iCloud. It’s called Private Relay

Read more

Citizen participation and the future of the EU: An opportunity at the Conference on the Future of Europe

Citizen participation and the future of the EU: An opportunity at the Conference on the Future of Europe

Two current phenomena – the cyclical change the EU has entered following Brexit and the outbreak of COVID-19 and the need to improve the participatory mechanisms in liberal democracies – largely explain the launch, at the end of 2020, of the Conference on the future of Europe. We can define this as a large forum which, over more than a year, gives European citizens a channel to express their positions and recommendations on major issues that are already marking the future of the Union and of the entire planet. This is a good opportunity, therefore, for citizen’s to participate in EU debates, which are often accused of being removed from societal realities.

Read more

Data and digital rights: What you should know about children’s apps

Data and digital rights: What you should know about children’s apps

Children interact with technology at increasingly younger ages, which raises concerns about protecting their privacy, security, and confidentiality in the digital environment. Although laws have been passed in recent years, incorporating specific articles into existing legislation and creating rules to regulate cookies and illegal advertising, many adults don’t know what rules exist or what they should consider when young children use mobile phones and tablets.

Read more

Digitalisation in Health: more than a technological change

Digitalisation in Health: more than a technological change

The post-pandemic economic agenda is focused on the opportunities that might arise from NextGenerationEU funds. These are aimed at driving the transformation of production organisations and of services, with the goal of gaining competitiveness and efficiency. Moreover, the funds should be used to improve the quality and accessibility of public services, increasing the decision-making capacity of the citizens. The health sector can be one of the great beneficiaries of this digitalisation in health process financed from Europe. 

Read more

Historic G7 agreement: En-route to fairer taxes on big tech

Historic G7 agreement: En-route to fairer taxes on big tech

The seven most powerful economies in the world, assembled in the Group of 7 (G7), have reached an historic agreement on taxes on big tech: multinationals with a profit margin above 10% will have to pay at least 20% of their taxes where they produce profits and not, as many do, in countries with low tax rates where they base their operating headquarters. Moreover, these powers have agreed to set 15% as the minimum tax rate, lowering the proposal from the United States, which was 21%. France was also hoping for a higher common rate. 

Read more

Unchecked technology, democracies in danger: Beyond fake news

Unchecked technology, democracies in danger: Beyond fake news

Since the U.S. presidential election and the Brexit referendum, both in 2016, the risk to Western democracies from fake news has been part of the global political debate. But in the twenty-first century, five years of technology is a long time. And the dangers have grown, becoming more sophisticated. While platforms and the authorities barely manage to lessen the spread of fake news on platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and WhatsApp, new risks are starting to be tangible within the development of Artificial Intelligence (AI). In 2021, we should no longer trust a video with inflammatory statements from a political leader: it might have been created with AI. And these deep fakes are just one of the manifestations of the phenomenon we find ourselves in. 

Read more